Temperature Control Method In Boiler Of The Steam Power Plant, thermax boiler power plant

Multi-objective optimization for advanced superheater steam

Control of superheater steam temperature (SST) is critical for the safety and efficiency of the coal-fired power plant. However, the conventional cascaded PI controller is faced with great challenges in regulating the SST within a satisfactory range in the environment of extensive load changes, which is inevitably becoming even worse due to the growing integration of the intermittent renewables.

Steam Power Plant Construction,Working, Advantages and

In this article we will study about the construction,working, efficiency, advantages and disadvantages of steam power plant. Steam Power Plant. It is the power plant which is used to generate electricity by the use steam turbine. The major components of this power plant are boiler, steam turbine, condenser and water feed pump.

Report on "Steam Power Plant"

For a thermal power plant the range of pressure may vary from 10 kg/cm2 to super critical pressures and the range of temperature may be from 250°C to 650°C. 3.1.1 Essentials of Steam Power Plant Equipment: A steam power plant must have following equipment: (a) A furnace to burn the fuel. (b) Boiler or boiler containing water.

US4425762A - Method and system for controlling boiler superheated steam temperature

A method and system for the temperature control of superheated steam in a power plant having a boiler coupled to a turbine, and a turbine bypass valve, wherein temperature control is achieved by regulating opening of the turbine bypass valve. To this end, process ...

MC Controls Steam Power Plants R

2. STEAM POWER PLANT CONTROLS. 2.1 COMBUSTION CONTROL. Combustion control comprises a series of devices on a boiler developed to satisfy steam demands automatically and economically by controlling furnace combustion rates through adjustments of the burning components while maintaining a constant set point (such as a fixed but adjustable pressure or

DOC RH steam temperature in Once-through boilers

There are many methods to control RH steam temperature: like burner tilt, gas recirculation (GR), divided back pass dampers (gas biasing), excess air and steam bypass. Spray, though envisaged as an emergency control, is not preferred as a means of RH steam temperature control in constant pressure operation as it affects plant heat rate.

Flow Diagram of a Steam Thermal Power Plant

The water steam circuit of a thermal power generating plant is a semi-closed circuit. Here comparatively not much water is required to supply to the boiler from external sources since same water is reused again and again by condensing the steam after its

How Power Plant Boiler Works?

Reheater coils in the flue gas path does the reheating of the returned steam. The reheat steam is at a much lower pressure than the super heated steam but the final reheater temperature is the same as the superheated steam temperature. Reheating to high temperatures improves the output and efficiency of the Power Plant.

Reheater Temperature Control in Boilers

The temperature at the outlet of reheater will have to be maintained within a narrow band. Reheater temperature variation will have an impact on the cycle efficiency of the plant. Boiler designers adopt methods like divided second pass, burner tilting, water injection, gas recirculation etc to control reheater steam outlet temperature.

Risk management and hazard and operability study on steam

Dec 01, 2013 · Free Online Library: Risk management and hazard and operability study on steam turbine power plant unit-5 in the power generation Paiton, East Java-Indonesia.(Report) by "Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences"; Science and technology, general Electric power generation Safety and security measures Electric power plants Electric power production Electric power-plants Emergency management ...

Genetic-Algorithm-Based Adaptive Control of Superheat

In this paper, a new adaptive control strategy is proposed to improve conventional superheat steam temperature control. Based on cascade PID control system, recursive least squares (RLS) method is used to identify the plant parameters and then genetic algorithm (GA) is applied to adjust the parameters of the PID controllers.


Boiler steam drum water level is one of the most important power plant parameters to both measure and control. Control of the proper water level in the boiler is critical for safe operation of the boiler. If the level is too low, boiler tubes will be damaged by overheating. If the

Steam Temperature Control

Steam temperature is one of the most challenging control loops in a power plant boiler because it is highly nonlinear and has a long dead time and time lag. Adding to the challenge, steam temperature is affected by boiler load, rate of change of boiler load, air flow rate, the combination of burners in service, and the amount of soot on the ...

Design of MPC for Superheated Steam Temperature Control in

steam temperature in a thermal power plant having a once through boiler. For this reason, MPC is chosen for addressing the new challenges faced by superheater steam temperature control with uncertain load demand profiles. The rest of the paper is organized as follows: The description of the steam generation process is given in Section 2.

CHAPTER 4 Steam power plants

CHAPTER 4 Steam power plants E. Khalil Department of Mechanical Power Engineering, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Abstract The effi cient utilization of fossil energy in power generation together with low pollution in conventional thermal power plants is a topic

Power Plant – Steam Control

Following configuration, the operation of the control system can be set to work as a boiler. follower. In this configuration, the main steam valve to the generator turbine can be directly. modulated by the SEL POWERMAX® power management and control system, based on the. electrical system power and frequency demands.

Theory of Rankine Cycle

Rankine Cycle – Equations and Calculation. Let assume the Rankine cycle, which is the one of most common thermodynamic cycles in thermal power plants. In this case assume a simple cycle without reheat and without with condensing steam turbine running on saturated steam (dry steam). In this case the turbine operates at steady state with inlet ...

Parameter Control in Boiler Automation System Using PLC

11/3/2015 · In a thermal power plant, the main raw material is water that must be controlled through automatic control system. How it works SCADA PLC-based control system of the boiler is the method that is currently ON OFF pushbutton initially switched ON the PLC, SCADA, different sensor switched ON. The system will be continued so that the feed water pump is switched ON using the feed water …

Apparatus and method for fluidly connecting a boiler into

@article{osti_5708915, title = {Apparatus and method for fluidly connecting a boiler into pressurized steam feed line and combined-cycle steam generator power plant embodying the same}, author = {Martens, A. and Wescott, K.R. and Snow, B.E.}, abstractNote = {An apparatus is described for starting a steam boiler and for coupling a steam output thereof through a throttle valve and a header to a ...

Water Quality Control Technology for Thermal Power Plants

Water Quality Control Technology for Thermal Power Plants (Current Situation and Future Prospects) *3 ... boiler water (in the boiler) and steam (in the turbine), and finally returning to ... wastewater from the devices and components of thermal power plant facilities. Figure …

A new approach for temperature control in steam power plant

A new approach for temperature control in steam power plant. ... to control reheat steam temperature of a 600 MW boiler. ... part of fuzzy rules while the LSE method is used to tune parameters at ...

Mathematical Problems in Engineering

To control the furnace temperature of a power plant boiler precisely, a dual-optimized adaptive model predictive control (DoAMPC) method is designed based on the data analytics. In the proposed DoAMPC, an accurate predictive model is constructed adaptively by the hybrid algorithm of the least squares support vector machine and differential evolution method.

Thermal power Plant |Steam Power Plant

Thermal Power Plant Layout Important Terms Used In Thermal Power Plant Or Steam Power Plant Saturation Temperature – It is the temperature for a corresponding saturation pressure at which a liquid boil into its vapor phase. Wet Steam or Unsaturated Steam – It is a mixture which contain both water vapor and liquid water droplets. ...

Thermal power station

A thermal power station is a power station in which heat energy is converted to electric power.In most of the places in the world the turbine is steam-driven.Water is heated, turns into steam and spins a steam turbine which drives an electrical generator.After it passes through the turbine, the steam is condensed in a condenser and recycled to where it was heated; this is known as a Rankine cycle.

Feedwater heaters in thermal power plants

FEEDWATER HEATERS IN THERMAL POWER PLANTS SHIVAJI CHOUDHURY 2. FEEDWATER HEATERS A feedwater heater is a power plant component used to pre-heat water delivered to a steam generating boiler In a steam power plant (usually modeled as a Rankine cycle), feedwater heaters allow the feedwater to be brought up to the saturation temperature very gradually.

Intelligence-Based Hybrid Control for Power Plant Boiler

Intelligence-Based Hybrid Control for Power Plant Boiler Wei Wang, Han-Xiong Li, and Jingtao Zhang Abstract— A hybrid classical/fuzzy control methodology is pre-sented to integrate low-level machine control and high-level super-vision for the steam temperature and water level processes of the powerplantboiler ...

Steam Temperature Control in a Coal-Fired Power Station

Steam Temperature Control in a Coal-Fired Power Station. Cockenzie Power Station is situated on the shores of the Firth of Forth, 8 miles (13 km) east of Edinburgh. The station is operated by ScottishPower, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Iberdrola Group.

Fuzzy Logic Approach for Boiler Temperature & Water Level

Fuzzy Logic Approach for Boiler Temperature & Water Level Control Anabik Shome, Dr. S.Denis Ashok Abstract— Boiler is the main component in generating steam in thermal power generation units and its control is very important in many applications. In present situation conventional PID control is being used for this purpose.

Steam Boiler: September 2011

Boiler drum level control method is one thing should be considered in the operation of steam boiler. The steam drum is a crucial component of steam boiler. This vessel’s main purpose is to supply volume and area close to the top of steam boiler in which separation of steam out of water could happen.

4 key measurements for optimal boiler control

4 key measurements for optimal boiler control. ... of water and steam vary as pressure and temperature change, and that the control ranges across a small span. Another issue is the shrink and swell phenomenon. As steam demand decreases, drum pressure increases, which compresses entrained steam bubbles and can cause the drum level to appear to ...